Monday, August 10, 2015
Have you heard those words from an owner? Last week I got a call from a contractor who had been told exactly that. He still had tools and equipment on the job. He was owed money. His crew and subs expected to be paid. Now what?
A contractor terminated for good cause could be liable for both the extra cost of finishing the job and the cost of fixing everything the owner didn’t like about the original work.
What would you do?
First, understand there is only one cheap, quick solution in a case like this: a heavy dose of common sense. An owner who orders a contractor off the job has grievances, either real or imagined. Offer to resolve every one of those issues. Then make that offer in writing. Save a copy for your file. An owner who refuses your offer to continue work on the owner’s terms has breached the contract. If the case ends up in court, you’re the one who acted reasonably. Documents in your file will prove that.
If common sense doesn’t help, the law has answers. An owner who orders a contractor off the job without good cause has committed a breach of contract. The contractor is entitled to payment for work completed plus lost profit. But an owner's breach of contract is excused if the contractor was the first to commit a material breach of the agreement. A material breach is a question of fact, usually decided by a jury.
The courts could take years to decide who committed the first material breach. Legal fees in a case like that will be many thousands.
Arbitrate. If your contract requires arbitration, do exactly what your contract requires. If you have agreed to arbitrate, no court will hear the dispute. Mobile mediators and arbitrators are available in nearly every major city. Some will meet on the job site and provide a written decision in a matter of days. That decision is fully enforceable, just like a judgment in court.
Record a lien on the property. Lien rights are entirely separate from contract rights. A recorded lien gives you the right to foreclose. But watch four points: (1) Where a license is required, unlicensed contractors don’t have lien rights. (2) If the construction site is the primary residence of the owner, there are no lien rights if the owner didn’t get the Federal 3-day right to cancel form. (3) Your lien must be recorded promptly after work stops. (4) You have a limited time to bring a foreclosure suit after recording a lien. Wait too long and your lien rights are gone.
Look to your contract. Many construction contracts give either the owner or the contractor or both the right to terminate – either for cause or without cause. If your contract has a termination clause, contract terms will explain who has to do what after termination.